Biomass advantages: There is no denying that Biomass energy
is one of the safest, cleanest, and most renewable sources of energy around. It certainly beats the socks off
fossil fuels for environmental cleanliness!
As well as
being better for the environment, it can also be much cheaper than
traditional fuels. There is a much smaller cost in extracting bio fuels for energy production-no expensive oil
rigs, and no drilling for natural gas. Biomass energy can be easily used in everyday energy production through
the relatively simple process of combustion.
is very Versatile.
It can be
converted directly into energy through combustion, creating heat and electricity, or it can be changed through
various chemical processes into liquid fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels such as petrol and diesel for our
be converted into several different forms of energy. Some examples
are wood, which can be processed and turned into gas; landfills which produce methane, which along with corn, wheat
and other materials, can be used to manufacture liquid fuel ethanol.
biomass power station is used to the fullest of its potential, it can be multi faceted and very useful. The by-products of the combustion, heat and steam, can be used in agriculture (for example, many efficient power
stations have greenhouses attached, where the heat can be used to grow crops like tomatoes.)
biomass can help reduce climate change, as it does not increase the
levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. When direct combustion (burning) is not used, there is minimal
environmental impact as carbon is not released. Some alternatives to combustion are:
heated in an oxygen free environment to produce a gas, which when cooled creates bio oil which can be used in
the same way as petroleum, and a charcoal like substance which can be used for heating in the same way as coal.
Pyrolysis, the biomass solids are heated (not burnt) to produce a fuel gas, which is then used to generate
electricity. Gasifying biomass is nearly twice as effective as direct burning, and has a much lower
involves using certain bacteria which “digest” the organic materials and produce bio gas as a waste product. The
gas can be used to heat buildings, generate electricity and run engines.
Biomass use can result in less waste being sent to landfill
sites. The burning of unusable wastes such as bark, tree clippings and construction waste helps reduce the
pressure to expand landfill sites, at the same time as producing energy. Less waste in landfill sites means less
methane, which contributes to global warming and is produced from decaying organic and plant
be a lot more cost efficient in the long run than fossil fuels.
Fossil fuels are in limited supply, and what’s more, they are non replaceable. Biomass is a quick turn around
and therefore much more cost effective and widely available.
biomass is a never ending resource. When managed correctly, the
growth of crops for use in biomass power stations can be a year-round thing, meaning that supplies of fuels for
generators will never run out. This is also a carbon neutral scheme-anything used as fuel will be replaced by
the next crop of bio fuels to be planted.
very many reasons for people and companies all over the world to transfer their reliance from fossil fuels to
their environmentally friendly alternatives. Biomass is, quite simply, one of the best!